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History of the Internet - From 1960s to 1990s

1962
The U.S. Department of Defense begins research into robust, distributed communication networks for the U.S. military command-and-control center.

1969
Researchers at four U.S. college campuses create the first hosts of the ARPANET, connecting Stanford Research Institute, University of California at Los Angeles, University of California at Santa Barbara, and University of Utah.

1973
The ARPANET goes international with connections to University College in London and the Royal Radar Establishment in Norway.

1976
Queen Elizabeth goes online with the first royal e-mail message.

1979
Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis, two graduate students at Duke University, and Steve Bellovin at the University of North Carolina establish the first Usenet newsgroup.

1980
1980: ARPANET grinds to a complete halt on October 27 due to an accidentally propagated status-message virus.

1982
The term "Internet" was used for the first time.

1985
Symbolics.com becomes the first registered domain.

1991
CERN developer Tim Berners-Lee introduces the "World Wide Web" program.

1992
The term "surfing the Internet" is coined.

1993
The U.S. White House comes online at http://www.whitehouse.gov.

1994
Pizza Hut makes it possible to order pizza online.

1995
Netscape, the company that helped to popularize the World Wide Web by giving away its browser for free, goes public and becomes the third-largest-ever NASDAQ initial public offering.

1998
Netscape, the company that helped to popularize the World Wide Web by giving away its browser for free, goes public and becomes the third-largest-ever NASDAQ initial public offering.

2000
As of November 2000, there were more than 407 million people online. The number of servers connected to the Internet grown from four in 1969 to 73 million in 2000.



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